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American Constitutional Law

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A very special thanks to Doug Linder, professor of law at UMKC, for this exceptional course content. Additional discussion topics are very shortly forthcoming in our online discussion forum.

Constitutional Law

Constitutional Law
          by Doug Linder (2005)

This site explores some of the great issues and controversies that surround our Nation's founding document. 

Begin your journey by reading the document this site is all about, The Constitution of the United States.

For documents and information relating to the history of the Constitution, jump directly to History. Or see Images

To learn about the Supreme Court (including its history and current cases) and the justices
who have served on it, jump to Supreme CourtThere's even a  Supreme Court Humor Page.

To test your knowledge of trivia relating to the Constitution, jump to Constitutional Trivia or Bill of Rights Golf.

If you're looking to get hitched up, jump to: Who Wants to Marry a Founding Father?

Cases, Notes & Materials:

Introduction to the Study of Constitutional Law

How the Supreme Court Functions

The Power of Judicial Review

Theories of Interpretation

The Incorporation Debate

Right to Bear Arms

Student Searches

Takings of Property

Jury Size and Unanimity Under the Sixth Amendment

The Death Penalty

Liberty of Contract?

The Right to an Abortion

Gay Rights

The Right to Die

The Right to Marry

The Family & the Constitution

Is Your Home Your Castle?

Levels of Scrutiny Under the Equal Protection Clause

Separate but Equal Education

Proving Unconstitutional Discrimination

Winning the Vote for Women: The 19th Amendment 

Equal Rights Amendment

Affirmative Action

Should the Rational Basis Test Have Bite?

Equal Protection and "Fundamental Rights" Analysis

Right of New Residents to State Benefits

The Electoral College Debate

Due Process Rights of Students

Racial Discrimination & the State Action Requirement

Powers of Congress Under the Original Constitution

Powers of Congress Under the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments

Separation of Powers

Limitations on the Power of States to Regulate Commerce

Interstate Taxation and the Commerce Clause

War and Treaty Powers

Constitutional Limitations on the Judicial Power

State Discrimination Against Non-Residents

Term Limits & State Regulation of Federal Elections

The Role of States in the Federal System: 10th, 11th Amendments & Sovereign Immunity

The Supremacy Clause and Federal Preemption

Article V: Amending the Constitution

First Amendment Materials

Introduction to the Free Speech Clause

Prior Restraints on Publication

Clear & Present Danger Test for Subversive Advocacy

Substantial Overbreadth Doctrine

The Press & Fair Trial Issues

The First Amendment and Incitement of Unlawful Conduct


Freedom (Not) to Associate

First Amendment Limitations on Civil Liability

Levels of First Amendment Protection for Different Media

Four-Letter Words and Other Forms of Indecent Speech

Speech Restrictions in the Traditional Public Forum

Time, Place, and Manner Regulations

Speech Restrictions in the Designated Public Forum

Speech Restrictions in the Non-Public Forum

Student Speech Rights

Regulating Hate Speech

Flag Burning and Other Attacks on American Symbols

Speech Compelled by the Government

Speech-Related Conditions Attached to Gov't Spending

Free Speech Rights of Public Employees

Regulation of Commercial Speech

Campaign Finance Regulation

Regulating Obscenity

Adult-Oriented Businesses and the "Secondary Effects" Test

Free Speech and the State Action Requirement

Introduction to the Establishment Clause

Financial Aid to Religious Schools

Theocracy Issues: Looking for Secular Purposes

Religious Symbols in Public Places

Student-Initiated Religious Speech

Laws Burdening Religiously-Motivated Conduct

James Madison


Send comments concerning this site to

Exploring Constitutional Law was created for use by  law students and others interested in understanding our nation's most important document.  This is an educational, non-commercial site. This site, formerly called Exploring Consitutional Conflicts, now may be accessed with a new, simpler URL: 

If you enjoyed this website, you may wish to visit my other major site, containing the Web's largest collection of materials relating to famous trials:
Famous Trials Website

The materials included on the Exploring Constitutional Law Web site are original works of authorship, government records, works for which copyright protection has expired, works reprinted with permission, or works that I believe are within the fair use protection of the copyright laws. If any author or photographer objects to the use of any work appearing in these pages, please contact me by e-mail and I will remove the work and review the propriety of including it. This is an educational and non-commercial site maintained at the University of Missouri-Kansas City Law School. Doug Linder, Professor of Law. (c) 2001-04.

Constitution  |  History  |  Trivia  | Bill of Rights Golf  | 
Sample Con Law Examinations I Con Law SyllabusSample Multiple-Choice QuestionsHaiku, Sonnets, and PoemsAuthor's Page 
I Topics for Study I BeliefsI Communications Law I  First Amendment Website
Exploring Constitutional Law II Website


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